An MCL tear is harm to the medial collateral ligament, that could be a major ligament that’s placed on the inner aspect of your knee. The tear may be partial (some fibers within the ligament area unit torn) or complete (the ligament is torn into 2 pieces). A ligament could be a powerful band of tissue that connects one bone to a different bone or holds organs in situ.
Your knees area unit created from bones, ligaments, tendons and animal tissue. The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is found on the inner aspect of your knee, and it’s eight to ten centimeters long. It connects your thigh bone (femur) to your shin bone (tibia). Your MCL additionally provides strength and stability to your articulatio genus. It’s one among four primary ligaments in your knee. the opposite 3 primary ligaments include:
The anterior symmetrical ligament (ACL).
The lateral collateral ligament (LCL).
The posterior symmetrical ligament (PCL).
The word “medial” means that “towards the center or center.” once touching on ligaments, “collateral” implies that the ligament is on one aspect of a joint. The medial collateral ligament is known as such as a result of the ligament is on the inner aspect of your knee (closer to the “middle line” of your body), and it’s placed on the aspect of your articulatio genus.
Your health care supplier can describe your MCL tear united of the subsequent 3 grades:
Grade one: A grade 1 MCL tear could be a gentle tear during which but 100% of fibers in your ligament area unit torn and your knee continues to be stable. You’ll doubtless have some tenderness and gentle pain if you have got a grade one tear.
Grade two: A grade 2 MCL tear could be a moderate tear during which your MCL is part torn — typically the superficial a part of your MCL. Your knee can doubtless be loose once it’s affected by hand, and you’ll in all probability have intense pain and tenderness on the inner aspect of your knee.
Grade three: A grade 3 MCL tear could be a severe tear during which your MCL is totally torn — each the superficial and deep elements. Your knee can doubtless be terribly unstable and loose, and you’ll in all probability expertise intense pain and tenderness. It’s common for somebody to own alternative knee injuries, particularly harm to their anterior symmetrical ligament (ACL), if they need a grade three MCL tear.
Most people UN agency tear their MCL feel pain and a “pop” in their knee once the injury happens. Their knee typically swells shortly once the injury, most of the time round the within a part of the knee.
After the swelling goes down, someone typically will walk, however feels pain once the within of the knee is stretched, Also, the knee could feel unstable and might “give way” and build the person stumble or fall.
Most medial collateral ligament tears happen throughout athletic activity, like once someone:
changes direction or twists the knee whereas running
jumps and lands during a method that twists the knee
The MCL can also tear if the knee is hit forcefully from the aspect.